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Cao Jingyao: Promote the common prosperity of scientific and taxation policies

  Common wealth is the essence of socialism. On the road to realize the common prosperity, the Communist 上海不正规浴场哪里有 Party of China led the people of the country to continue to struggle, achieved great achievements, and eliminated the absolute poverty, comprehensively built a well-off society.

The tenth meeting of the Central Finance Committee emphasized that "must promote all the people’s common prospects as the people’s ability to make a happiness", and pointed out to "establish a scientific public policy system, divide the cake, and form a reasonable allocation pattern of everyone. ".

As an important part of the public policy system, scientific fiscal and taxation policies are to regulate income distribution and promote common prosperous tools. Finance is the foundation and important pillar of national governance, and the scientific fiscal system is to optimize resource allocation, maintain market unity, promote social equity, and realize the system guarantee for the long-term treatment of the country. In the process of promoting common prosperity, fiscal and tax policy has special tools as an important tool for regulating income distribution. The adjustment of the fiscal and tax policy has directness, multi-circular sex and economy. The fiscal policy is both a means of income distribution, but also a leverage that regulates the economy, compared with many administrative means, its effect is more likely, and the economic and social fluctuations caused are relatively small.

  Promote common prosperity, to correctly handle efficiency and fair relationship, increase tax, social security, transfer payment and other regulation and improve accuracy, expand the proportion of secondary income groups, increase low-income group revenue, reasonably regulate high income, ban illegal income, Form a large, two-headed olive distribution structure. Reasonably adjust high income. From a personal income system, my country is currently implementing the income tax rate for salary salary, and it is better to play a regulatory role of high wage income, but the relatively low single tax rate is still implemented in property revenue. For many high-income people, property revenue such as property transfer, property leases often constitute its main source of income.

Therefore, it is necessary to improve the personal income tax policy of property income and regulate high income.

At the same time, the use of tax policy to adjust excessive income should adhere to the reasonable regulation, step-by-step principles.

Rational adjustment refers to the intensity and scope of the high income of tax regulation should be reasonable, moderate, to perform the promotion of economic and social development, reduce its possible negative impact; step by step, require tax policy to develop according to economic and social development Change order, gradually advance. Increase low-income group income and do a low-income group life.

The financial policy should be in accordance with the requirements of the "levelet, worm net, construction mechanism", increase financial support for low-income group people’s livelihood services, through improving pension insurance and medical assistance system, implementing housing subsidies, etc. Tilt policy, play fiscal reserve protection effect, realize the old-fashioned, old, living, living and living.

  Although fiscal policies can have a large extent to solve the reality of low-income groups, these policies must fully consider fiscal support and sustainability due to finance of fiscal resources.

On the one hand, this requires the focus of fiscal policies in the basic, purased, and changing public services, and is accurately implemented for low-income groups, rather than "pepper surface."

On the other hand, this also requires the implementation of fiscal policies to meet the economic and social development, and promote high quality development while solving low-income group problems.

  Promoting a common prosperity is a system engineering. In this process, the adjustment of high income and protection of low income is two key issues, and scientific tax policies and fiscal policies are a powerful tool for solving these two problems, and they need two to cooperate with each other. At the same time, the implementation of the fiscal and tax policy should also be closely connected with social security, housing, medical and other systems, 上海品茶群怎么进 coordinate support, coordinate arrangements, and promote the realization of common prosperity in high quality development.

  (Source: Economic Journal of Cao Jingji "Director of the National Tax Legal Research Base of Capital Economic and Trade University).